Karma Yoga is the two fold form of Yoga, consisting of (1) removing material attachment from fruits of work and (2) working with righteousness (Dharma). Righteous path means taking the society towards salvation – the goal of life. And this path essentially needs Gyan Yoga. However, both of these can be rightly understood, when Varnashram (Indian Caste System) practice can be understood. Varnashram (Indian Caste System)is an ancient practice, that was used in society for the societal righteous practice. Whenever, this system felt hazard, incarnation came up and re-established that in perfect manner. So, importance of it can be understood quite effectively.

However, Kali Yuga completely destroyed the system and it is again said that KalKi Bhagwan would re-establish the same. This makes it understandable how much an essential societal method that was. Hence, if Varnashram (Indian Caste System) can be understood properly, then the righteousness (Dharma) and the path through which society was taken towards salvation, both can be realized accurately. In this session, we would be starting our discussion on Varnashram (Indian Caste System), but this entire part of Gyan Yoga needs numerous sessions, which we will be covering in our next yoga session.

Life is meant to get salvation. This is the ultimate word of Gyan Yoga and this is the ultimate truth of entire creativity in universe. Righteousness (Dharma) has also been designed to take human, creatures towards salvation or the ultimate goal. Creation of society and the bigger aspect of it, i.e. civilization are also meant for the same in mass scale. This society has been laid out in four legged form and this form is called Varnashram (Indian Caste System).

The four legs of the system are (1) Brahmana, who would research on righteousness (Dharma) and constantly update it for social progress towards ultimate goal. (2) Kshatriya, who would realize the dharm laid out by brahmanas at its best and create social rules, so that the entire society might be directed towards salvation. (3) Vaishya, who would be supported by Kshatriya financially to expand financial horizon of the kingdom and who would reach corners of kingdom, explaining the essence of societal rules made by Kshatriya. The financial earning made from the financial aid from ruler is his and for that profit, he would pay tax to the ruler. (4) Sudra, who would work under Vaishyas and Kshatriyas and earn living through wages. They would just follow the guidance laid by the ruler and do their social activities for the welfare of society.

The above stated four legs of Varnashram (Indian Caste System) make the society strong and efficiently activated towards Righteousness (Dharma). However, all these four legs won’t remain effective every time. This makes the society stronger and weaker in its direction towards Righteousness (Dharma). All the four legs remain strong in Krita age; the fourth or strength of Brahmana weakens during Treta; the third or Kshatriya becomes ill-minded in Dwapara and the second one or Vaishya weakens and becomes polluted during Kali, resulting a unrighteous society. Complete feature of this Varnashram (Indian Caste System) cannot be understood, standing in this Kali age, but the most eminent features can surely be drawn. Here are those features that will astonish you.

  1. First of all, a child born gets the chance to remain in the profession of his father. If, he won’t fit there, he would either be promoted or demoted, according to his merit. Hence, there is no chance of unemployment. In straight forward word, Varnashram (Indian Caste System) essentially refers Job security.
  2. As you know the objective of Karma yoga is to detach mind from material fruits of work, a social path must have to be designed to fulfil that at its optimal state. Varnashram (Indian Caste System) creates that for all.
  3. Varnashram (Indian Caste System) distributes work for all. This makes the society dynamic and creates sets of rules, which are again dynamic. In fact, this dynamism when lost or when tampered, calls incarnation and he re-establishes them to settle things.

Each of the above features needs detailed analysis and they will be covered in the next sessions of Yoga in the next few weeks.

This basic four Varnas of Varnashram (Indian Caste System)are again subdivided into several counters and each of them are ranked according to their participation in the righteousness (Dharma) role, they do follow for the society. For example, Brahmanas, according to Varnashram (Indian Caste System), were classed into many castes – Maharshi and Rishis (who would research on science, geography, history, philosophy, astronomy, astrology and connection of all with righteousness (Dharma)), Guru (Who would train every stream to Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaishya),

Below these top level Brahmanas were: Astraguru (Specialized in training warfare only), Vaidya (Who would provide treatments), Jyotish (Trainer and practitioner of Astronomy and Astrology).

Below this second level Brahmanas were the lowest level of Brahmanas: Agnihotris (who would make sacrifices and Yagnas) and the Priests (Who would utter mantras for daily offerings at Yagnas). All the classes were decided according to merit of the person.

Among Kshatryas also, there were different castes: those who would rule, those who would fight, those who would minister and many more, all decided according to capability. Same was with vaishyas (Gandha Banik, Swarna Banik, Gopala etc.) and in Sudras (farmer, army, labours etc) according to Varnashram (Indian Caste System).

What is Varnashram (Indian Caste System)

Life is meant to get salvation. This is the ultimate word of Gyan Yoga and this is the ultimate truth of entire creativity in universe. Righteousness (Dharma) has also been designed to take human, creatures towards salvation or the ultimate goal. Creation of society and the bigger aspect of it, i.e. civilization are also meant for the same in mass scale. This society has been laid out in four legged form and this form is called Varnashram (Indian Caste System).

The four legs of the system are (1) Brahmana, who would research on righteousness (Dharma) and constantly update it for social progress towards ultimate goal. (2) Kshatriya, who would realize the dharm laid out by brahmanas at its best and create social rules, so that the entire society might be directed towards salvation. (3) Vaishya, who would be supported by Kshatriya financially to expand financial horizon of the kingdom and who would reach corners of kingdom, explaining the essence of societal rules made by Kshatriya. The financial earning made from the financial aid from ruler is his and for that profit, he would pay tax to the ruler. (4) Sudra, who would work under Vaishyas and Kshatriyas and earn living through wages. They would just follow the guidance laid by the ruler and do their social activities for the welfare of society.

Key features of Varnashram (Indian Caste System)

The above stated four legs of Varnashram (Indian Caste System) make the society strong and efficiently activated towards Righteousness (Dharma). However, all these four legs won’t remain effective every time. This makes the society stronger and weaker in its direction towards Righteousness (Dharma). All the four legs remain strong in Krita age; the fourth or strength of Brahmana weakens during Treta; the third or Kshatriya becomes ill-minded in Dwapara and the second one or Vaishya weakens and becomes polluted during Kali, resulting a unrighteous society. Complete feature of this Varnashram (Indian Caste System) cannot be understood, standing in this Kali age, but the most eminent features can surely be drawn. Here are those features that will astonish you.

  1. First of all, a child born gets the chance to remain in the profession of his father. If, he won’t fit there, he would either be promoted or demoted, according to his merit. Hence, there is no chance of unemployment. In straight forward word, Varnashram (Indian Caste System) essentially refers Job security.
  2. As you know the objective of Karma yoga is to detach mind from material fruits of work, a social path must have to be designed to fulfil that at its optimal state. Varnashram (Indian Caste System) creates that for all.
  3. Varnashram (Indian Caste System) distributes work for all. This makes the society dynamic and creates sets of rules, which are again dynamic. In fact, this dynamism when lost or when tampered, calls incarnation and he re-establishes them to settle things.

Each of the above features needs detailed analysis and they will be covered in the next sessions of Yoga in the next few weeks.

Segments of Varnashram (Indian Caste System)

This basic four Varnas of Varnashram (Indian Caste System)are again subdivided into several counters and each of them are ranked according to their participation in the righteousness (Dharma) role, they do follow for the society. For example, Brahmanas, according to Varnashram (Indian Caste System), were classed into many castes – Maharshi and Rishis (who would research on science, geography, history, philosophy, astronomy, astrology and connection of all with righteousness (Dharma)), Guru (Who would train every stream to Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaishya),

Below these top level Brahmanas were: Astraguru (Specialized in training warfare only), Vaidya (Who would provide treatments), Jyotish (Trainer and practitioner of Astronomy and Astrology).

Below this second level Brahmanas were the lowest level of Brahmanas: Agnihotris (who would make sacrifices and Yagnas) and the Priests (Who would utter mantras for daily offerings at Yagnas). All the classes were decided according to merit of the person.

Among Kshatryas also, there were different castes: those who would rule, those who would fight, those who would minister and many more, all decided according to capability. Same was with vaishyas (Gandha Banik, Swarna Banik, Gopala etc.) and in Sudras (farmer, army, labours etc) according to Varnashram (Indian Caste System).

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