Ancient India Map : Sahadeva Digvijay

Ancient India Map derived from Digvijay of Sahadeva

After Jarasandha Vadh, when Arjuna set out to maximize the wealth of Indraprastha for the purpose of Rajasuya Yagna towards North, Bhima marched towards East and Sahadeva towards South. The path followed by Sahadeva, the youngest among Pandavas, frames the most consolidated part of Ancient India Map of the Southern India. This episode of narrates the entire journey of Sahadeva in his digvijay and also frames the Ancient India Map, by following the march of the Sahadeva that has been derived matching the description of the book of Sabha parva with present India map.

The overall journey of Sahadeva included some of the most ferocious attacks, among which fight with Nila King of Mahismati had been the most bloody. Before reaching there, when Ancient India map is considered, Sahadeva won the Dantavakra king – Adhiraj, the Matsya kings at river banks, Avanti, Marudh, Pandrya, and Kuntibhoj. After his struggling win over Mahishmati, he won Kishkindhya with a tough fight and Saurashtra at the western banks. He won several provinces, some of which from the Ancient India Map even match today’s map. This includes Andhra, Kantarakas, Talavanas and Dravida. Finally, he sent messenger to Vivishana of Lanka and got tribute from him.

Sahadeva’s march towards south also mentions four important states that are quite there in the present Map. These include, Andhra the name of Andhra Pradesh. However most of the region of the state was forested in the Ancient Map of India and only the coastal area was Andhra, where Mlecchas and Matsyas (who dwelt on fishery) resided.

Along with Andhra, name of another state is also mentioned – Kantaraka and that is none other than Karnataka. Tamil Nadu has been mentioned as land of Dravidians. And Kerala has been mentioned as Talabana (the land of palm trees). Lanka and Ramayana character, Vivishana also gets a place here, who was the king of Lanka (See Map Numbered 6) during that time and paid tribute to Yudhisthira with a messenger.

The entire march of Sahadeva indicates near to four important landmarks. Those landmarks really deserve to be located on the Ancient India Map. And before locating them on the Ancient India Map, one thing must have to be stated – They differ a lot from the markings of Wikipedia. The reason of such mismatch is simple. The positions Wikipedia states are based on some recommendations. Whether those recommendations are justified or not is not verified by Wikipedia. Rather they look for the fact that those references are mentioned in any published books. If the published book states rubbish, that doesn’t make a difference to the reputed site.

However, our pointing of the same on Ancient India Map and stating the closest city of present time of the place, is based on the description of the main book of Mahabharata only. No other books or no other references won’t make a sense, since they are all unapproved. Keeping that view, following are the location of the old Cities in Ancient India Map. All of the locations are justified well with the words of the main book – the Mahabharata.

Kuntibhoj and Avanti Location

Among the top regions conquered by Sahadeva, one of the most important one is Kuntibhoj. This is the land, where mother of the Pandavas, Kunti has been brought up. Reminding that the king of the region paid tribute to Yudhisthira, the just with different gems and gold. Position of the place in the Ancient India Map of the region has been stated by Mahabharata or rather Jaya, written by Vyasa was near to River Narmada and towards north of it, but not on the banks.

Considering the facts that Bhima was at Gwalior for his Digvijay and Nakula was at Prabhas for his digvijay, only a narrow landmass remain open for Sahadeva in the Ancient India Map and that is where the two old cities of Indore and Bhopal can be found. On the northern or upper side of Narmada river, two regions has been mentioned within that short space – Kuntibhoj a little northwards and Avanti downwards and closer to Narmada. Bhopal and Indore, both of which are stated to be 5000 years in age, can hence be stated to be Kuntibhoj (Bhopal, See Map, Number 1) and Avanti (Indore, See Map, Number 2).

Mahishmati on Ancient India Map

At Mahishmati, Sahadeva had to give a very tough fight. The war was immensely bloody and at certain time, Sahadeva felt that he would have to return with failure. The kingdom was protected by Hutasana himself, as the princess of the state, Nila was married by him. However, Sahadeva had to make high level of penance and also form a sacrifice to please Agni. And on Agni’s consultation, the king of Mahishmati offered tribute to Yudhisthira on the hands of Sahadeva. The location of the place on Ancient India Map is not so easy. In fact, here Wikipedia also has refused to locate it.

The city has been referred to be located at the banks of Narmada and Mahabharata says that Sahadeva had to cross the river to reach Mahishmati. When these two are matched, then two cities are left out of present times – Maheshwar and Omkareshwar. Omkareshwar is having one of the 12 Jyotirlingas and hence is very much important town too. The book also states that Sahadeva reaches out from Mahishmati to that great abode of Mahakal. Of course, that must be referring the city of Omkareshwar in the Ancient India Map and that city is not Mahishmati, but very close to that. Hence, the only old city that is left out must be the location of Mahishmati and that is Maheshwar of Madhya Pradesh. (See Map, Numbered 3)

Kishkindha

Kishkindha is the location where Banars (Ban Nar or Human residing in forest) resided. Earlier it was the place where Vali and Sugriva resided. Sahadeva had to fight their descendents Mainda and Dwivida and defeat them after a terrible battle. Wikipedia states that the location of the city of Kishkindha is at Hampi of Karnataka, but description of the place in Ramayana differs from that of Hampi and hence cannot be confirmed to be the exact location of Kishkindha in Ancient India Map.

According to the description, Kishkindha is located just down to Vindhya and lying between the range and start of the Dravidian Plateau. And there is no mention of any river close to the dense forest region of Kishkindha. Hampi is located just at the banks of Tungabhadra. So, it cannot be the location of the town, although that is well within the region or kingdom of Banars. The ideal position that can be found while Ancient India Map can be well observed, the area around present city Nagpur can be well found similarity with that of Kishkindha definition. Hence Kishkindha must be located somewhere near to that old city Nagpur (See Map Numbered 4).

Saurashtra

Saurashtra has been described to bear a marvellous port over the sea. Often, Surat is assumed to be the older Saurashtra in Ancient India Map, but there is no justification in that whatsoever. Nakula was there to the west at Dwarka and Prabhas. So no question comes for Sahadeva to be there. On the other hand, there remains only two ports on the side of Arabian Sea, since Sahadeva was at that side and travelled to Andhra Pradesh later. Those are Mangalore and Kozikode. Among them, Kozikode is older to the other one in the Ancient India Map and is often assumed to be pre-historic. Again, Saurastra means the land where Sun can be seen at Dawn. Being the end side of the sea, that matches with the place too. Moreover, Sun temple of ages old had also been found at the place, referring Kozikode to be ancient Saurastra or Saurahtra. (See Map Numbered 5)

Overall March: Ancient India Map

The overall journey of Sahadeva included some of the most ferocious attacks, among which fight with Nila King of Mahismati had been the most bloody. Before reaching there, when Ancient India map is considered, Sahadeva won the Dantavakra king – Adhiraj, the Matsya kings at river banks, Avanti, Marudh, Pandrya, and Kuntibhoj. After his struggling win over Mahishmati, he won Kishkindhya with a tough fight and Saurashtra at the western banks. He won several provinces, some of which from the Ancient India Map even match today’s map. This includes Andhra, Kantarakas, Talavanas and Dravida. Finally, he sent messenger to Vivishana of Lanka and got tribute from him.

Present Provinces in Ancient India Map - Sahadeva March

Sahadeva’s march towards south also mentions four important states that are quite there in the present Map. These include, Andhra the name of Andhra Pradesh. However most of the region of the state was forested in the Ancient Map of India and only the coastal area was Andhra, where Mlecchas and Matsyas (who dwelt on fishery) resided.

Along with Andhra, name of another state is also mentioned – Kantaraka and that is none other than Karnataka. Tamil Nadu has been mentioned as land of Dravidians. And Kerala has been mentioned as Talabana (the land of palm trees). Lanka and Ramayana character, Vivishana also gets a place here, who was the king of Lanka (See Map Numbered 6) during that time and paid tribute to Yudhisthira with a messenger.

Drawing 4 Top Cities in Ancient India Map - Sahadeva's March

The entire march of Sahadeva indicates near to four important landmarks. Those landmarks really deserve to be located on the Ancient India Map. And before locating them on the Ancient India Map, one thing must have to be stated – They differ a lot from the markings of Wikipedia. The reason of such mismatch is simple. The positions Wikipedia states are based on some recommendations. Whether those recommendations are justified or not is not verified by Wikipedia. Rather they look for the fact that those references are mentioned in any published books. If the published book states rubbish, that doesn’t make a difference to the reputed site.

However, our pointing of the same on Ancient India Map and stating the closest city of present time of the place, is based on the description of the main book of Mahabharata only. No other books or no other references won’t make a sense, since they are all unapproved. Keeping that view, following are the location of the old Cities in Ancient India Map. All of the locations are justified well with the words of the main book – the Mahabharata.

Kuntibhoj and Avanti Location

Among the top regions conquered by Sahadeva, one of the most important one is Kuntibhoj. This is the land, where mother of the Pandavas, Kunti has been brought up. Reminding that the king of the region paid tribute to Yudhisthira, the just with different gems and gold. Position of the place in the Ancient India Map of the region has been stated by Mahabharata or rather Jaya, written by Vyasa was near to River Narmada and towards north of it, but not on the banks.

Considering the facts that Bhima was at Gwalior for his Digvijay and Nakula was at Prabhas for his digvijay, only a narrow landmass remain open for Sahadeva in the Ancient India Map and that is where the two old cities of Indore and Bhopal can be found. On the northern or upper side of Narmada river, two regions has been mentioned within that short space – Kuntibhoj a little northwards and Avanti downwards and closer to Narmada. Bhopal and Indore, both of which are stated to be 5000 years in age, can hence be stated to be Kuntibhoj (Bhopal, See Map, Number 1) and Avanti (Indore, See Map, Number 2).

Mahishmati on Ancient India Map

At Mahishmati, Sahadeva had to give a very tough fight. The war was immensely bloody and at certain time, Sahadeva felt that he would have to return with failure. The kingdom was protected by Hutasana himself, as the princess of the state, Nila was married by him. However, Sahadeva had to make high level of penance and also form a sacrifice to please Agni. And on Agni’s consultation, the king of Mahishmati offered tribute to Yudhisthira on the hands of Sahadeva. The location of the place on Ancient India Map is not so easy. In fact, here Wikipedia also has refused to locate it.

The city has been referred to be located at the banks of Narmada and Mahabharata says that Sahadeva had to cross the river to reach Mahishmati. When these two are matched, then two cities are left out of present times – Maheshwar and Omkareshwar. Omkareshwar is having one of the 12 Jyotirlingas and hence is very much important town too. The book also states that Sahadeva reaches out from Mahishmati to that great abode of Mahakal. Of course, that must be referring the city of Omkareshwar in the Ancient India Map and that city is not Mahishmati, but very close to that. Hence, the only old city that is left out must be the location of Mahishmati and that is Maheshwar of Madhya Pradesh. (See Map, Numbered 3)

Kishkindha

Kishkindha is the location where Banars (Ban Nar or Human residing in forest) resided. Earlier it was the place where Vali and Sugriva resided. Sahadeva had to fight their descendents Mainda and Dwivida and defeat them after a terrible battle. Wikipedia states that the location of the city of Kishkindha is at Hampi of Karnataka, but description of the place in Ramayana differs from that of Hampi and hence cannot be confirmed to be the exact location of Kishkindha in Ancient India Map.

According to the description, Kishkindha is located just down to Vindhya and lying between the range and start of the Dravidian Plateau. And there is no mention of any river close to the dense forest region of Kishkindha. Hampi is located just at the banks of Tungabhadra. So, it cannot be the location of the town, although that is well within the region or kingdom of Banars. The ideal position that can be found while Ancient India Map can be well observed, the area around present city Nagpur can be well found similarity with that of Kishkindha definition. Hence Kishkindha must be located somewhere near to that old city Nagpur (See Map Numbered 4).

Saurashtra

Saurashtra has been described to bear a marvellous port over the sea. Often, Surat is assumed to be the older Saurashtra in Ancient India Map, but there is no justification in that whatsoever. Nakula was there to the west at Dwarka and Prabhas. So no question comes for Sahadeva to be there. On the other hand, there remains only two ports on the side of Arabian Sea, since Sahadeva was at that side and travelled to Andhra Pradesh later. Those are Mangalore and Kozikode. Among them, Kozikode is older to the other one in the Ancient India Map and is often assumed to be pre-historic. Again, Saurastra means the land where Sun can be seen at Dawn. Being the end side of the sea, that matches with the place too. Moreover, Sun temple of ages old had also been found at the place, referring Kozikode to be ancient Saurastra or Saurahtra. (See Map Numbered 5)

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